Executives' Guide to Call Center Excellence: Productivity Tools--A Little Technology Goes a Long Way
Considering the tremendous investment that goes into a corporate call center, improving productivity and efficiency is a business imperative for managers. There is only so much an agent with a headset can do, but there are now a number of new and improved technologies that certainly can help.
Data entry Data entry is a notorious consumer of call center agents' time, and nobody wants to waste precious hours manually cleansing postal data (there are about 5.4 billion misaddressed, returned pieces of mail every year). Software packages like QAS QuickAddress do batch correction of invalid data by comparing to USPS standards. More important for call center productivity, these types of products often can interface both with a contact center representative and a self-service Web user, enforcing proper addresses and offering autocompletion of city and street names to terminal users. These tools help ensure that customer-volunteered information is meaningful before a transaction is closed. "You would be surprised how many people just want to get to the next page and fill nonsense into the address field," says QAS COO Jonathan Hulford-Funnell. "There are a lot of 'Captain Kirks on the Starship Enterprise' out there."
Predictive dialing Automatic, and later predictive dialing, took away a great deal of the tedious (and sometimes unreliable) work of manual dialing for outbound customer contact center agents. Predictive dialers often generate four times as many calls in an hour as manual dialing. Once incomplete calls (busy signals, answering machines, etc.) are accounted for, some users more than double their calls-per-hour and their talk-time-per-hour. SalesForce Australia, an outbound calling solution provider, did just that using the Genesys Telecommunications Labs Inc. predictive dialer suite.
The knock against predictive dialer technology is that it was originally developed for bill collection, and as such the algorithms that check agent availability to accept a valid call and smoothly transfer a customer connection tend to gloss over issues of customer experience. However, the technology was further improved to comply with recent State of California Public Utilities Commission regulations that require outbound callers to maintain low error rates (dropped calls, or those not promptly transferred to a representative). The rules currently stipulate a 3 percent error rate; a transition to a 1 percent error rate is planned.
Collaboration tools With the current market placing a significant premium on efficiency, solutions geared towards improving knowledge flow and the reuse of information look quite attractive. The value of this comes in leveling the playing field for all agents, and by extension for all customers, says Anthony Lye, president and CEO of collaborative software vendor ePeople. "If you have two support executives sitting next to each other, often one is better than the other, because he has a better personal network of content resources." Tools like the ePeople system put to work on problem resolution teams that can communicate either synchronously through a real-time browser interface, or asynchronously via stored email.
Wireless Internet software developer Openwave adopted ePeople in its developer support center, resulting in a 70 percent reduction in resolution times. Collaborative knowledge sharing and problem solving is particularly critical in environments where no one person can answer every--or even any--question. "In the classic call center escalation, if you don't know the answer you press a button and it flows to someone else. But for complex issues you end up with a ping-pong effect," Lye says. "Everybody wants to hand it off, because they can't handle it and you have a significant number of calls queuing up." Collaboration tools like ePeople, or even instant messaging software, can help agents avoid escalation or ping-pong by resolving problems with coworkers on the same call.
Training simulation One very popular method of agent training is role-playing, but traditionally that process locks up two people at a time. Companies like Sivox Technologies offer call center simulation software that agents can use on their own. Sivox, for example, uses a specially designed mock-up of a contact center's native software, along with digital voice playback and voice recognition. Sivox is not offering a fully interactive AI customer just yet--that sort of interactivity is years away. But the voice recognition software listens for critical concepts and phrases flagged by the simulation designers, and if they are not found the agent terminal pops up an advice window with the proper course of action.
Speech recognition Voice-interactive technologies are finding their way on to the front lines of customer contact as well, with speech recognition already entrenched in travel industry IVRs and spreading outward. "There is a big opportunity there. You just have to target your applications right," says Bern Elliott, a research director at Gartner Inc. Speech recognition being brought to market by firms like IBM Corp., Nuance, and SpeechWorks International Inc., is best used not in press-or-say-one environments. The technology is better used when customer data entry is more complex than a single number, or requires several data points to complete the transaction. So although taking a detailed customer complaint via speech recognition is not available yet, taking information on product type, date, and place of purchase is more feasible.
Skills-based routing To truly get more out of agent talk time, experts recommend getting fine-grained about the skills of your sales staff and routing calls based on best-better-good rules. Consider Omaha-based Nebraska Furniture Mart. Before implementing Siemens HighPath, the call center used live presales reps to qualify the customer's area of interest and pass her to a sales agent listed as qualified in one of the products she was interested in. This resulted in long hold times and abandonment rates as high as 20 percent. Better queue management helped, but by adding a resume routing system for the 24-member sales staff, answer times are now under 30 seconds on average.
Nebraska Furniture Mart's call center sales manager Jim Welsh now rates his agents on each product area. Based on the product group selected by the customer in the IVR, the system tries to find a high-skill agent for that purchase. After one minute the system searches for a level-two medium-skill agent, and after two minutes will find any available rep. "Very rarely do we get into level three, but we want to get them to a live body, rather than continue to be on hold," Welsh says.
By better managing available resources, Welsh has cut abandon rates to just 3 percent, and has been able to reduce staffing costs via attrition without a drop in service quality or availability.
Jason Compton is an Evanston, IL--based freelance journalist
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