Multisourcing is a better choice.
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Outsourcing is a fact in American business--the problem facing top companies is no longer whether or not to do it. Instead, the queries are: What? How? With whom? These are not black-and-white issues. They involve value judgments, which force businesses to confront the bigger question: Why?
If the answer is to save money, then the course seems to be clear. Turn over any and all processes that can be commoditized to a single, large supplier that can take advantage of economies of scale. But what if the answer is to create competitive advantage, or to create greater value in our services, or to transform our business for new opportunities? The way forward is a bit cloudier because the company may need multiple relationships engaging a team of specialized outsourcing providers. This means outsourcing today requires a bit more soul searching for managers than managers searching for sole providers.
Sole-sourcing, also called holistic sourcing, appears to be the much easier path to take--the expedient one. After all, the supplier is expected to take responsibility for a whole array of management tasks and responsibilities, effectively taking them off your organization's plate. You are able to throw a wide array of processes and functions into a large outsourcer's contract vehicle.
Indeed, it's popular to say that consolidating one's outsourcing activities with a single provider means having just one throat to choke.
Who's Getting Choked?
Who is really getting strangled in the long run? Consider the impact that sole-sourcing--the most common outsourcing arrangement at present--appears to have had on the current state of the industry: MIT's Center for Information Systems Research found that only 50 percent of these so-called strategic partnerships (based on large, sole-sourced, outsourcing arrangements) are judged successful by either client or vendor.
Deloitte Consulting released a study in 2005 arguing that "outsourcing is not delivering its expected value to large organizations." One key finding: 70 percent of study participants had "significant negative experiences with outsourcing projects and are now exercising greater caution in approaching outsourcing." Clearly, something isn't well in the outsourcing world. And yet, companies continue to pursue sole-sourced, outsourcing relationships even as the evidence mounts that sole-sourcing is one of the primary causes of the industry's widespread disappointment.
Discipline Versus Expediency
The evidence suggests that most large outsourcers are taking on activities and responsibilities that don't fit cleanly into their business models and practices. That happens as companies choose to keep adding new processes to a large outsourcing contract for the sake of convenience.
Research suggests that they end up paying a severe price over time. Rather than exercising and eating right to lose excess weight--an analogous personal choice that also involves value judgments--companies have sought the immediate convenience of the diet pill. While such actions may seem expedient at the time, they often lead to disappointment--unmet expectations, costly contract renegotiations, lost competitiveness, and other ills. Their overextended outsourcers end up failing to deliver specific capabilities and promised results. But this state of affairs may be changing. Recognizing a linkage between sole-sourcing and poor performance, there is now a backlash underway against outsized outsourcing arrangements. At the same time, many recognized companies are implementing what they believe to be a more dynamic and agile alternative. Gartner calls it strategic multisourcing and Forrester Research calls it selective sourcing.
Rather than put all their eggs in the basket of a single IT outsourcer, companies now are doing the requisite soul searching and managing a portfolio of specialized outsourcers. Among the business processes that top companies are outsourcing to these types of providers: security management, helpdesk management, and production database support.
Gartner goes so far as to predict that world-class companies will be applying a "multisourcing discipline" to "all" sourcing arrangements by 2009. However, the firm also points out that the transition is only beginning. And the road ahead for many companies could be rough. "Most organizations are ill-prepared to move toward multisourcing and the discipline that is required," Gartner states. "The combined forces of core-competence focus, IT, communications, globalization and hyper-competition will not allow companies to maintain their practices." So, if American business is going to be forced down the tougher path, what rewards will it find at journey's end? There are several to consider:
Maximizing Business Value
As companies embrace disciplined multisourcing, they become skilled at identifying which best-of-breed, cost-effective outsourcing providers can deliver solutions that most directly align IT to business strategy. Large, single-sourced arrangements tend to lack this level of clarity and focus--a key factor in their underperformance.
Minimizing Risk Exposure
When companies sign enormous deals with outsourcing providers they take on tremendous strategic and financial risks. Multisourcing enables them to spread these risks around and manage them more vigorously. It also reduces risk by enabling IT groups to more actively respond to market developments, new business priorities, or changes in the health of a supplier over time.
Ensuring True Outsourcer Accountability
Too often, sole-sourcing leads to an unhealthy dependence on a single, powerful, outsourcing vendor. When companies add new business tasks and responsibilities to existing outsourcing contracts out of convenience, they are liable to find their vendors are unqualified to deliver. Disciplined multisourcing, by contrast, helps ensure they engage deeply focused and accountable outsourcers that generate measurable results.
As a growing number of leading companies see it, the future of outsourcing will depend on disciplined multisourcing. This is how companies heighten the likelihood of success while achieving safety in numbers. The era of sole-sourcing has played out and the results have not been impressive. While companies will continue to employ large outsourcers for big projects, they are now refraining from loading those partners up with added tasks and responsibilities that are not central to their business models. Instead, they are turning to a portfolio of specialized outsourcers to meet these objectives in a defined and demonstrable way.
Multisourcing, in other words, is the discipline of tomorrow's market leaders. And the vision of great leaders always seems to scan from the inside out. When leaders set out to find answers for the whats, hows, and with whoms, they leave equipped with the answer to why.
About the Author
John Bostick is president and CEO of dbaDIRECT. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org. Please visit dbaDIRECT at www.dbadirect.com.
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